When it comes to research writing, there are a number of methods that can be used but it depends upon the type of research and context. Different types of research methods are applicable whether you are opting for a qualitative or a quantitative research. So read on to find out about different types of research methodologies that you can use in your next research.
What Is ResearchMethodology?
The research methodologies entailall the scientific work, whether an article or a project, it requires ascientific and systematic procedure of data collection, compilation, analysing,interpretation, and implication relating to any problem. This component has theresponsibility to address all the procedures that need to be followed toconduct the research. More clearly, it is the technique that enables the writerto reach his objective regarding the project that he is performing.
To express the idea to the readerand to write it correctly, you need to know:
- What will be the type of research used in theproject?
- What sources will be used (it is important thatyou have an idea of where and how you will get the information and references foryour work?)
After choosing the topic, finding a problem, formulating hypotheses, defining a goal and building a justification, the student needs to present the research methodology that will be used in their study paper. In the methodology chapter of your research paper, you need to specify and discuss the types of research methodologies you will use. There are different types of research methodology that can be categorized according to the purpose and nature of the study and other elements.
Types of ResearchMethodologies
We will discuss the five main typesof research methodologies.
Exploratory Research Method
When a student plans toinvestigate a particular subject but does not know to do it, he/she conductsexploratory research. With this research, he can find the research problem orquestion, for the most part, subjects with little or no previous study of it. Throughthis type of research, the students become familiar with the subject and makenew discoveries. Since it is based on experimental research and practicalapplications, it has a significant contribution although it has a substantialmargin of error.
In the explanatory method, theresearch explains the reason and why the phenomena, since you will deepen theknowledge explored in its theme. It is more focused on the physical and naturalsciences. Exploratory research is usually conducted early in the research project.However, every time the student comes across an unfamiliar subject, they canput this methodology into practice to understand the problem. Finally, theexploratory study is characterized by having a flexible and unstructured researchprocess. It analyses primary data, considering a small sample, in a genericqualitative approach.
Explanatory Research Method
The main concern of explanatoryresearch is to classify the factors that contribute to the occurrence of aphenomenon i.e. what is the reason for it to happen. It is directly related to theexperimental methods and helps to continue exploratory and descriptiveresearch.
An explanatory research method gives a more detailedview of the topic. The student uses measures such as experimental research andusing facts from the past. The level of complexity is much higher, as there aremore chances of errors. Many students rely on explanatory research to enrichthe content of the CBT. In general, the results seek to explain the “whys” ofthings more practically.
Descriptive Research Method
Descriptive research is one of the most used types of research methodologies in dissertations. This method observes, analyses, and records facts and phenomena, without leaving room for data manipulation. A study through data collection, such as the application of questionnaires, can be considered descriptive.
Descriptive research seeks tomake a detailed and thorough analysis of the object of study, which may be acompany, a population or a problem situation. There is an investment incollecting qualitative data, but what really matters in research isquantitative information such as age and educational level. Under nocircumstances should the researcher interfere with the analysis of thecollected data. He must describe processes, experiences and phenomenaimpartially.
The main characteristics of thistype of study are:
- The researcher has previous knowledge about theproblem;
- The hypotheses are more specific;
- The data are structured, usually based on largersamples than exploratory research.
This type of research method stands out for summarizing all the existing information on a given topic, phenomenon, previously studied. The literature review, also known as bibliographic research, consists of the collection of data of which the research will be based. This is a mandatory step for all coursework completion work i.e., regardless of the approach chosen to present the paper, this item cannot be missed. There are a number of literature review types that serve different purposes in research. Some of the main objectives of the literature review are:
- Find out if anyone has already answered thequestion proposed by the research;
- Analyse whether it is worth repeating researchwhose objectives have already been clarified in another study;
- Evaluate the methods used in similar studies.
This type of research methodinvolves a thorough investigation into some specific aspects on a given theme(individual, phenomenon, environment, etc.). This method is not just restrictedto collecting theoretical information, but also observations and experiences.
The results acquired should notbe generalized. That is, they cannot be used to represent all individuals, butonly those who have been directly investigated. Studying a company-specificmarketing campaign can be an example. The researcher should collect informationthrough questionnaires, interviews, etc. Then, it should make a qualitativecritique of the data collected, in order to find negative aspects, positive andother repercussions on the subject. This type of methodology is a widelyadopted approach in business, social sciences as well as in health.
That’s all we have on the types of research methodologies you can use in your research work. Before choosing the type of methodology, you need to define your research project and in what ways you can do it through the types of studies. If you want to conduct a research for a dissertation, you can consider some simple tips to write a good dissertation that can excel your grades.